Barbecue Marinades

Use one of my barbecue marinades and transform your meat so that it melts in the mouth. My guide below will help you select the right marinade for whatever meat your are grilling or smoking.

BBQ Marinade for Lamb

The science behind marinades

Two basic marinades

Lot's more marinade recipes

There's two reasons why I use barbecue marinades my smoker or grill:-

First - It tenderizes the meat. This is extremely important with beef when using the lower cost cuts such as chuck steak and even then I don't recommend grilling, it really is one for the smoker.

Second - a marinade can be used to flavor meat and this is evident in a lot of my Asian influenced marinades. When flavor is king you'll often find me recommending that the marinade is used to baste the meat during the cooking process too.

Marinade or Marinate?

These two words are often confused.

  • Marinade - This is the noun. An acidic (usually) liquid in which food is soaked
  • Marinate - A verb that means to soak food in a liquid.

How Barbecue Marinades Work

A marinade can work in a number of ways but the end result is the same. The peptide bonds in the outer layer connective tissue (collagen protein) are denatured, water is released and the "dehydrated" remains of the connective tissue are easier to chew therefore giving the impression of tenderness.

So to be clear, a marinade works on the outer layers of connective tissue, it does not work on the meat itself and will not penetrate deep into the meat. Barbecue marinades affect no more than 0.1mm in depth from the meat surface but that is enough to give the sensation of tenderness.

There are 3 basic actions:-

Enzymatic:

Papaya contain an enzyme called papain and pineapple stem has a similar compound called bromalein. Both break down collagen protein and allow flavours to penetrate deeper into meats. A good source of bromalein is the juice of canned pineapple.

That said the longer you leave meat in either of these enzymes, the more mushy it will go even to the point where you would not want to eat it. Use these marinades for 30 minutes before cooking and you will have a soft bite to your steak but still firm enough to enjoy the flavour.

Acidic:

Citric acid is a great way to add flavour to meat and tenderise but similarly to enzymatic action you don't want to leave the marinade on for more than 2 hours otherwise the acid will tighten the protein bonds on the surface of the meat and start to toughen it.

Calcium:

The calcium in yogurt activates enzymes which break down the meat proteins in meat. It is also a mild acid which helps tenderise rather than toughen meat.

A yogurt marinade is the one exception to the two hour rule. I tend to use yogurt based marinades in my Indian recipes and when using these marinades I often refrigerate and leave overnight.

Note:- Technically there is a fourth "salt" marinade however to my mind this is a brine. Brines work in a different way and as such there are significant difference in how to marinade and also when you might choose to use a marinade.

How To Marinade

Given that barbecue marinades only work on the outer collagen layer of the meat and that there are risks in marinading for too long then here are my general rules of thumb:-

  1. Use a marinade to tenderise meat for anything between 30 minutes and 2 hours.
  2. Do not refrigerate whilst using a marinade. Leaving meat or fish out of the refrigerator for a short time prior to cooking is not going to cause spoilage, in fact I think it helps the cooking process by making it easier for the core of meat to get up to temperature, especially when searing. In addition refrigeration slows down the action of a marinade by tightening muscle tissue.

Note:- Yogurt based marinades are the exception to both these rules and if marinading for more than two hours you must refrigerate but still give your marinade a last hour at room temperature before cooking.

Generally speaking you’ll need about 150ml / ¼ pint of marinade for every 450g or pound of meat. Oily marinades are good for dry lean foods such as fish and acidic citrus / vinegar based marinades work best on red meat and richer fatty foods.

TIP - Use a shallow non metallic bowl. This means that the meat will lie in a single layer and we get the maximum effect. There's always a danger that the acid in a marinade will react with a metal bowl giving a metallic flavour to your food so it's always better to avoid metallic bowls. The exception to this is stainless steel.


2 Basic Barbecue Marinades To Get You Started

I've included two basic barbecue marinades below and then check out all my other barbecue marinade recipes.

This first basic barbecue marinade is perfect for both meat and fish.

Ingredients:-

  • 1 garlic clove crushed
  • 3 tablespoons olive oil
  • 3 tablespoons dry sherry
  • 1 tablespoon Worcestershire sauce
  • 1 tablespoon dark soy sauce
  • 1 teaspoon sugar
  • freshly ground pepper

This Red wine marinade is directed more at the richer flavours such as red meat and game.

Ingredients:-

  • 150ml / ¼ pint red wine
  • 1 tablespoon extra virgin olive oil
  • 1 tablespoon red wine vinegar
  • 2 cloves crushed garlic
  • 1 dried bay leaf crumbled
  • 1 teaspoon dried mixed herbs
  • freshly ground black pepper

Method:-

In each case it's simply a matter of mixing the ingredients up and follow my general rules how to marinade and you're ready to go.


More Barbecue Marinades

Grilled Chicken Marinades - Similar to the one above but more garlic and with a novel way of application that makes for a quick result.

Grilled Chicken Marinade Recipe - and stuff this under the skin of a spatchcocked chicken too.

California Jerky Seasoning Recipe - If Jerky is your thing then this marinade is perfect for homemade.

Grilled Steak Marinade - Ideal for kabobs (or kebabs - depending which part of the world you come from)

Balsamic Marinade - Typically Mediterranean, it brings lamb alive!

Cointreau Marinade - Sweet and full of orange flavour this goes really well with duck.

Barbecue Goose Marinade - For the whole Goose. Change your bird this Yuletide season.

Lovely lively colors in this marinade

Coriander Marinade For Grilled Tuna

Mint Marinade for Lamb - Traditional and one of the best.

A Grilled Lamb Recipe - including a fragrant marinade of red wine and rosemary.

Traditional Greek Marinade - Perfect for lamb and try it with pork too.

Grilled Pork Chop Marinade - A brine infused with garlic, chili and sugar.

Turkish Style Grilled Chicken Marinade - For best results this one needs an overnight soak.

Tandoori Marinade - A hot barbecue and this spicy yogurt marinade transforms pieces of chicken.

Chicken Tikka Marinade - Bring out those authentic Indian flavors.

Spicy Indian Marinade for Pork, Lamb or Chicken - whatever your choice of meat, it's a hot one!

Chuck Roast Marinade - designed to tenderize.

Thai Spiced Marinade Recipe For Grilled Shrimp - hot and sweet, just as you'd expect.

Ginger and Lime Marinade - Great with all white fish and one of my favorites for monk fish or shrimps.

Olive Oil & Garlic - Works well with any white fish but why do I always come back to a monk fish tail?

Citrus Marinade - citrus fruits abound in this seafood marinade.

Orange Marinade - a great partner for BBQ chicken

Wild Game Marinade - Strong flavors for strong meats. The saltiness of soy sauce with the sweetness of molasses all rounded off with a kick from dried chili flakes. Perfect for duck or goose.

Wild West Beef Jerky Marinade Recipe - The original and maybe the best?


Brines:-

As mentioned earlier, brines are different to barbecue marinades, they work in a different way and achieve different results. There's a separate section on the website dedicated to brine recipes

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